If you have been watching the news or been on social media lately you have probably heard about the partial government shutdown that we are in right now. Most people have started to wonder about the history of government shutdowns, and just like you probably have I've started my own research. I'm going to give you the rundown on the government shutdown, what causes them, and the difference between a partial and full shutdown.
I'm going to start by telling you the difference between a partial and full shutdown and brief details on the wall itself. A partial government shutdown is when Congress doesn't pass funding or the president doesn't sign them before the previous appropriation doesn't run out. A partial government shutdown can also happen when the president and Congress can't agree on funding for something, for example, our current shutdown, which happened because the president wants 5.7 billion dollars for border security. The 5.7 billion would let President Trump build another 237 miles of steel fencing, and that's adding to the 580 miles in place. But this wouldn't cover the whole border, as there would still be 1,140 miles left because the border is 1,954 miles long. So the difference between a partial and full shutdown is that during a partial government shutdown about 25% of the government is shut down, places like national forests, museums, and non-essential personnel. But places like jails, IRS, TSA, FAA are still open, the thing is the people who work at those places have to work but are not being paid to do so and about 1 out of 16 workers have said they can not come to work. But a full government shutdown is when everything government related is shutdown This is all according to my various sources CNN, The Washington Post, and Investopedia.
Now I am going to list all partial and full shutdowns in U.S. history in total there have been 21 government shutdowns all for either very short or long periods of time. I am going to list each shutdown and the president that they happened with. The first ever government shutdown was in 1976 with President Gerald Ford it was 10 days long and lasted from September 30th to October 11th. The next few shutdowns were with President Jimmy Carter who had a total of 5 government shutdowns 3 in 1977, 1 in 1978 and the last in 1979, the first was 12 days the last 11 days and the longest was 18 days. Next was President Ronald Reagan who had 8 his fist in 1981 and last in 1987. He had 2 shutdowns in 1982, 1 in 1983 another 2 in 1984 and one in 1986. His longest was only 3 days and his shortest was legit 1 day long! Up next we have President George H.W. Bush who only had 1 shutdown in his presidential career which was in 1990 and 3 days long from October 5th to 9th. President Bill Clinton had 2 shutdowns one in 1995 and the last 1995-1996. His first one was 5 days long November 13th-19th, and the last one was the longest government shutdown in America but not anymore, it was 21 days long and crossed on over into the new year from December 5th to January 6th. Next, we have President Barack Obama who had one shutdown that lasted 16 days from October 1st to the 14th in 2013. Now last but not least we have our current President, President Donald Trump who has 3 government shutdowns each of them was in 2018, the first lasted one day which was February 9th, the second was Jan 20th to 23rd which was 3 days long. The last which is the shutdown that we are in right now which started on December 22 and it has not ended yet, this is all according to ThoughtCo.
So far the shutdown has not ended yet, and the democrats dont want the wall and the President does, he would like 5.7 billion dollars for funding for the wall. Journalists have asked President Trump if he will declare a national emergency and his response was “I can do it if I want,” … “I may do it.” If he was to declare a national emergency he could get funding without going through Congress and use Pentagon funding to build the remainder of the wall, another option has the Army Corps of Engineers build it. This is according to CBS News. Now I am going to talk about who has been affected by this shutdown, many government agencies have been affected including Homeland Security, Justice, State and Treasury, and many others have been affected too like the Environmental Protection Agency and even NASA. Many people are working without pay or staying home without pay about 800,000 are just living without pay. Some have to work and will be repaid when our government opens back up, but others are being sent home with no such chance of being repaid. This is all according to the Washington Post again. Thank you for reading my story on the government shutdown and all it's many details and history and have a great rest of your day.
Story by Diakhou Gaye