Have you ever wondered how blind people read? They all read using a writing type called braille. Braille is a series of bumps on a surface formed in a certain pattern that allows blind people to read the pattern as a form of writing. Braille was made by a man named Louis Braille. At the age of three, he accidentally blinded himself in one eye with a stitching awl from his father’s leather workshop. His other eye was also blinded because of an inflammation of both eyes with blinding trauma to the other eye.
Louis entered into a school for the blind and he learned a system of writing using dots. The system was invented in 1819 by Capt. Charles Barbier. The system was called night writing and it was intended for night-time battlefield communications.
When Louis was 15 he used Barbier’s system as a starting point and he then cut its 12-dot configuration in half. Final writing appeared in 1837. His system was immediately accepted by his peers but the School of the blind in Paris didn't accept it and use it until two years after his death. Since Braille was French, a universal English Braille was not made until 1932. In addition to the Braille code, there are other codes based off of Braille but they are made for different things, for example, the Nemeth Code of Braille Mathematics and Scientific notation (1965) provides for Braille symbols used in mathematical and technical material. There are also Braille systems for musical notes and other languages.
In conclusion, Braille was created by a man named Louis Braille after he was blinded in an accident involving a stitching awl. He used a nighttime writing format created by Capt. Charles Barbier and he tweaked it to reading and writing language efficiently for the blind.
Braille has many versions of it to fit other languages, music, and even math and science terms and symbols. We can thank Louis Braille for making the world a better place for the Blind.
Story by Beck Henderson