Who was Oskar Schindler and how did he save so many lives? Oskar Schindler was born on April 28, 1909, to the parents of Hans Schindler and Franziska Luser. Oskar Schindler grew up in Svitavy Moravia his childhood home was filled with fine linens and china. He attended many trade schools and had a variety of different jobs including working at his father’s machinery company. A few years later in 1928, he went to Alt Moletein to sell electric motors to a fellow businessman, while he was there he met Emilie Pelzl the two dated and 6 weeks later they got married.
In 1935 Schindler Joined the pro-nazi party, the next year he started collecting counterintelligence for the Abwehr. In 1938 he was arrested by the Czechoslovak authorities for espionage. In February of 1939, five months after the Germann annexation* of Sudetenland Oskar Schindler rejoined the Nazi party. In 1939 while Poland was being torn apart by the holocaust Schindler took his first steps toward heroism. Oskar Schindler was quite an unlikely war hero, he truly believed that the Nazis were morally correct. Schindler operated 3 factories, 2 were in Krakow and one in an area of town called the Ghetto. The Factory in the Ghetto was called Emilia and most of the workers were Jews. In 1944 Emilia Schindlers largest factory reached its peak of 1,700 people, 1,000 of them were Jews forced into labour by the Germans. The workers will still subject to the brutal work and beatings that were waiting for them back at their concentration camps but many times Schindler stepped in and said they had things to do for him and sometimes even let them spend the night at the factory. The SS which is the German Protection Squadron moved the concentration camp Plazlo in Agust of 1943, Schindler convinced the SS to convert the Emilia into a subcamp of Plazlo There were over 1,000 Jews who were put into this subcamp and Schindler put many Jews into factories near Emilia this saved them from all the brutality and murder they would’ve endured. While he was doing all of this business he led the SS and Police authorities to the think he was corrupt and giving aid to Jews.
Schindler’s list began in October of 1944. Oskar Schindler convinced Nazis and German authorities to let him open an armament* factory in Morovia. He and one of his assistants made a list of 1,200 Jews they wanted to hire for the factory this did not come at a small cost, Oskar Schindler paid 2.2$ million dollars for his factory workers. Schindler made sure that the weapons that his factories were producing did not work and that no one found out about that. Oskar Schindler left Brünnlitz on May 9, 1945, the day that Soviet troops liberated the camp. After ww2 Oskar and his wife moved to Argentina where their marriage fell apart and his wife moved back to Germany. Schindler later said, “If you saw a dog being crushed by a car wouldn’t you help him?” No one is quite sure why Oskar Schindler did what he did but everyone can agree he did by far the right thing. Oskar Schindler died on October 9th 1974 he had no money and was all alone. Many of the Jews who survived because of him and their descendants paid to transfer his body to Israel and bury it there. Twenty years later the movie Schindlers list was created it tells the story of his life and how amazing he was. “Power is when we have every justification to kill, and we don’t.” ~Oskar Schindler
*annexation: to take land or territory for one’s own use or to add for personal gain
*Abwehr: was the German military intelligence service for the Reichswehr and Wehrmacht from 1920 to 1945.
*Armament: Weapons guns cannons etc.
Story by Charlotte Ross