Genetics is the study of inheritance and how it relates to the world. However, some people inherit the short straw. Every so often, abnormal genes can cause something considered a genetic disorder. A genetic disorder is an inherited medical condition caused by an abnormality in DNA. One of these genetic disorders is called Tourette’s syndrome, or more commonly referred to as Tourette syndrome. This condition is a disorder in which those with Tourette syndrome, or TS develop stereotyped and uncontrollable movements, called tics.
Tourette syndrome (TS) is a disorder that involves mechanical movements or unwanted sounds and tics that cannot be absolutely controlled. Tics usually show up between ages 2 and 15, the median age being around 6. TS is typically three to four times more likely to show up in males than females. Severe symptoms (such as barking, jerking, rude gestures, and obscenities) can affect communication skills, ordinary functions, and quality of life. Motor tics (movements) usually begin before vocal tics (sounds) do. There are simple tics, which use only a few muscles, and complex tics, which use several muscle groups, reports the National Institutes of Health.
Simple motor tics include “eye blinking, head jerking, shoulder shrugging, eye darting, nose twitching, and mouth movements,” according to the Mayo Clinic. Complex motor tics, such as touching and smelling objects, repeated movements, stepping in a certain pattern, obscene gesturing, hopping and twisting, and bending, vary in type, frequency and severity. Simple vocal tics can comprise of “sniffing, throat clearing, grunting, hooting, or shouting,” the National Tourette Association of America writes. In up to 15% of TS cases, words are inappropriate such as racial slurs, foul words, or other unacceptable words and phrases.
A consensus written by multiple reputable doctors shows that tics aren’t rare in adolescent children (as many as one in five), but most symptoms pass within a few years. A study proved that tics are exhibited in 20% of children ages 6-17. That’s what we know. But we don’t much much about TS.
The exact cause of Tourette syndrome isn’t perceived, but it’s likely caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Conditions tend to occur in families, and many studies have confirmed that genetics is involved. Researchers are continuing to search for the genes and other factors that cause or may contribute to TS and other tic disorders. Current research points to flaws and abnormalities in certain brain regions (including the basal ganglia, the frontal lobes, and the cortex), and also to the circuits that connect these things. Chemicals in the brain that serve as neurotransmitters (transmits nerve impulses) like dopamine and serotonin might contribute to the cause of this genetic disorder. But how can we cure something we don’t know much about?
Regrettably, there’s no cure for Tourette syndrome, but many beneficial treatments are available. Many people don’t require treatment for TS when their symptoms aren’t severe, but for those who do, effective meds can be taken when symptoms affect routine life. No one medication is helpful to everyone with TS, nor does the medication eliminate all symptoms and conditions. In addition, practically all medicines cause side effects. Therapy can be helpful; habit-reversal training is when you are taught to know when a tic is coming and then move to halt it; however, tics often “lessen or can be controlled” after the teenaged years. Even though there is no treatment for Tourette syndrome, this genetic disorder expands the understanding we possess of genetics and other related disorders and illnesses.
Tourette syndrome is a condition of the nervous system which causes people to have unmanageable tics. Genetic disorders are abnormalities of a gene or cell. Though TS is a stereotyped genetic condition (learn more about these common misconceptions here), many of those with TS can lead normal, happy, and successful lives. Genetics is critical to everyday life. Genetics represents the study of the world’s connection.
Story by Caroline Barton
Even though Temetrius Jamel “Ja” Morant is only 20, he is still surprising NBA players and fans. Ja Morant was Born August 10, 1999 in South Carolina. He was actually discovered on accident. A recruiter was at a basketball camp trying to recruit another person. He got hungry and walked to go get some concessions. He saw Morant playing at a nearby court. The recruiter watched for a little and realized that he had found what he was looking for.
Morant went to Murray State University. He got the first triple double in the NCAA tournament since 2012. He led his twelfth ranked team to victory over number five ranked Marquette. He only went to college for one year, then straight to the NBA. Ja was drafted to the Memphis Grizzlies in the 2019 NBA draft. He went as the number two overall pick in the draft. He wears jersey number twelve on the Grizzlies because he has worn that number since grade school.
At 6’3”, which is not very tall for the NBA, Ja has become one of the most exciting dunkers in the league. During a game this season, Morant jumped over Kevin Love, who is 6’8”, while trying to dunk. Ja averages 17 points, 3 rebounds, and 7 assists per game. He leads all rookies in scoring and assists.He is also a favorite to win rookie of the year. Many people that go to the NBA are not really known, but Ja Morant has already made a name for himself in his first year. Ja Morant is a rising star that is off to a great start.
Story by Jude Garris
The future in space technology is changing and becoming more advanced over the years. NASA is developing new ways to transport people and packages, in fact, NASA is developing drones for even small packages to be delivered in, safely, efficiently and quickly. The company dubbed the little drone “ UAM”, which stands for “ Urban Air Mobility”. Their goal in this little invention is to travel easier and more efficiently through dense cities like New York. NASA is also developing an Aero Taxi which is part of the urban mobility project. This Taxi is used to take passengers above populated areas. NASA estimated that in 2030, over fifty million flights to deliver packages and over 750 million flights for “ Air Metro Services.” in the future.
NASA is planning to launch the mars rover in 2020 this coming summer. The Mars rover has special equipment and is one of the most expensive pieces of machinery to be launched and is planning to be sent to space in the summer of 2020. The rover is planned to be landed in a crater and take pictures for research. According to NASA “In 2024 the big space company wants to send the first woman into space”. This company’s inventions are creating and shaping the future for space launches and mechanical work.
NASA has many space trips and sometimes they need something to help beforehand. That’s why they are developing a plan and named it “Deep Space Atomic Clock.” This little invention helps them predict and helps navigate for space missions ahead of time. According to NASA, they are also working on a city air-bus. It has four seats and is multi-copter and is going to be used for urban transportation. Going back to the topic around sending the first woman to space, but she isn’t working alone in this mission, they are sending a man and woman to the moon for the first time in almost five decades. NASA is an expanding company and is shaping and creating the way we live, work and wonder about what’s in space. This company is breaking barriers and will continue to do so, I’m sure of in the future.
Story by Sydney Hansen
You’re reading this article right now, most likely on a computer or tablet. Probably completely ordinary task. But how ordinary is it for younger children or how good is it for them. Is it good for them to understand the way the modern world works or it bad for them? Will this generation be dependant on technology. How bad is it if you introduce your child to technology at a young age. If it is bad could you be endangering your very own child?
Well to answer all of those questions we have Are iPads and tablets bad for young children? They claim “they aren’t good for young children but they help children develop skills for the modern world. An easy way to start them off is a tablet.” According to What's the Right Age to Introduce Your Kid to Computers? Babies don’t have the cognitive or physical skills to make it worth your time or theirs. They don’t understand even the simplest of all the technical devices. Meaning they probably shouldn’t be exposed to such complex things.
Ages two to three should be slowly exposed to tablets and other simple devices. Also according to What's the Right Age to Introduce Your Kid to Computers? Ages two to three should have minimal time on computers. Even only minutes per day. 3rd to 4th graders that are confident with things like computer usually demonstrate success for their future ahead. A child that has mastered the computer will have access to the modern world easily. These new systems and technologies could affect our world dramatically for the better.
Story by Zoe Stock
“Divorced. Beheaded. Died. Divorced. Beheaded. Survived.” That is the rhyme to remember King Henry the Vlll’s 6 wives. This rhyme is used a lot in the new musical SIX, which features Adrianna Hicks (Catherine of Aragon), Abby Mueller (Jane Seymour), Andrea Macasaet (Anne Boleyn), Brittney Mack (Anne of Cleves), Courtney Mack (Katherine Howard), and Anna Uzele (Catherine Parr).
The new musical SIX (written by Lucy Moss and Toby Marlow) is about King Henry Vlll’s 6 wives creating a girl singing group. They each take turns singing about their time with King Henry Vlll and whoever had the worst experience with him gets to be the lead singer of the group. According to BBC News, Ariana Grande, Adele, and Rihanna are among the other pop stars who have inspired the characters in the musical SIX.
SIX has been performing in a few states, some of which include Illinois, Minnesota, and Massachusetts. According to The New York Times, “SIX” will begin performances February 13, 2020 and open March 12th at Atkinson Theater, produced by Kenny Wax, Wendy and Andy Barnes, George Stiles, and Kevin McCollum.
The history behind the musical dates all the way back to the year 1509 when King Henry Vlll married Catherine of Aragon. He then married Anne Boleyn after he and Catherine got divorced. Then a few years later when Anne Boleyn got beheaded in the London Tower, he married Jane Seymour 11 days later. Unfortunately, Jane died while giving birth to her son. After she died, King Henry Vlll went on to marry Anne of Cleves, who Henry divorced. After their divorce, he married Katherine Howard. He then figured out that Katherine was in love with her distant cousin so he had her beheaded. Then he married his 6th and final wife: Catherine Parr. Catherine Parr was the only wife to survive in her time of being married to Henry. She was there when he died and constantly feared her own execution.
The idea of the musical is to show all of these experiences from the wives perspectives.
Lots of good reviews have been left on the musical, which tells me it’s a very well written and produced show. If you’re into musical theater, I suggest looking into see it in March!
Story by Natalie Edgens
The start of a new school year means the return to daily homework, an often dreaded task and the root of parent-student strife that leaves some parents wondering if it’s worth it. The answer, experts say, is complicated.
Introduction- Now I'm sure you all know about the original primary colors which are red, blue, and yellow, but are those really the primary colors and if so, why? Firstly, the answer to if red, blue, and yellow are primary colors, no they are not. According to Learn the actual primary colors are cyan, magenta, and yellow. The theory behind that is yellow and magenta make red, yellow, well is yellow, and magenta and cyan make blue/violet. So if you think about it, if red, yellow, and blue can be made from pre-existing colors, so they are not primary colors. If you look at the color wheel in this article it shows that yellow, magenta, and cyan also can make green, (Green is not a primary color.)
Why did the primary colors change?- According to John Muir Laws the Conventional Color theory using red, yellow, and blue won't work. If you were painting a pretty picture with those colors, eventually when you mix too much it would turn the color of mud, and your painting would be ruined. Whereas if you were painting a picture with yellow, cyan, and magenta, the colors would just form new colors. Even your TV works this way with yellow, cyan, and magenta, and even theatres lights so that they can hit in the same spots to make different colors. But in the real world, red, blue, and yellow are actually the primary colors. In the color spectrum, light, and physics the primary colors are yellow, magenta, and cyan. Stephen Westland, Professor of Colour Science at the University of Leeds in England claims that, "We see because light enters our eyes," he says. "Light enters our eyes in two ways: directly from a light source; and reflected from an object. This leads to two types of colour mixing, additive and subtractive."
Conclusion- In conclusion, the colors red, yellow, and blue are actually the primary colors in one way. And yellow, cyan, and magenta are the primary colors in another. Red, yellow, and blue are the primary colors in real life situations such as painting. But magenta, cyan, and yellow are the primary colors in technological ways, like light waves, radio waves, and TVs. If you look up on google what the primary colors are, it will say red, yellow, and blue. But if you do more research then you'll find out the back story behind it. Thank you for reading and I hope this cleared everything up!
Story by Ciella Steury
Bowling is a very popular sport and goes way back into history. A German historian named William Pehle said that bowling began in his country about 300 AD. The English, Dutch and German settlers imported their own variations of bowling to America. In 1841 it was illegal to have any bowling lanes because bowling was the object of much gambling. But many captains of industry installed bowling lanes in their mansions. By the late 1800s it was prevalent in many states and slowly came to every state. But details like ball weight and pin dimension varied by region. On September 9, 1895, at Beethoven Hall in New York City, the American Bowling Congress was born.
Bowling balls are designed to perform best on different types of surfaces and to compliment the style and strength of each individual bowler. Manufactures use three different kinds of plastic as coverstock material. They are Polyester, urethane and, reactive urethane. To make the core of the ball a mold is formed to the core shape developed. Then the appropriate material is poured into the core mold and allowed to harden and last the solid core is removed from its mold. The finished core is placed inside a spherical mold called the coverstock mold. The core is attached to a pin that projects inward from the shell of the mold. After you are done with that you fill all the gaps. To finish the bowling ball you shape it to the proper size specification by turning it on a lathe and shaving off enough coverstock to achieve the right shape of a bowling ball.
There are different health benefits of bowling so keep reading if you want to know some. The first one is Muscle toning and strengthening, this is because Bowling helps promote muscle exercise of the lower body, as you are doing a lot of walking with the extra weight of a bowling ball in your hands. Another one is Weight loss, because it helps you slim down by speeding up your metabolism. Although the game is restricted to a small area, your constant movement while playing helps burn excess fat. It also helps Reduce risk of disease, a sedentary lifestyle is one of the leading risk factors for heart disease. Bowling also lowers your risk of stroke, heart attacks, diabetes, increases bone density, improves circulation, lowers cholesterol levels and blood pressure, and helps your body utilize oxygen better!
Story by Sydney Dickson
For centuries people have been using horoscopes to predict their fates and find answers for dilemmas based on the traits of their personal horoscope. Though horoscopes are not rooted in science they are used in many cultures to put people into groups based on indicated trates. Different horoscopes have different traits that are typically defining of the star sign. Though some people don't seem to have traits that match their horoscope many do and if they typically match another sign people can use the sign they feel they resemble by using horoscopes for that sign.
Aries a sign that is generally known for their fiery energy, impulsive nature, and desire to be the absolute best. Downsides to dating an Aries can be that because of their competitive nature they can become upset when not on the upper side. On the other hand, being with an Aries can be like being with a fierce protector. Being with an Aries can be difficult if you desire knowing how your partner feels, Aries sometimes put up emotional borders when things get tough. Because Aries likes to lead, they pair well with Pisces, Sagittarius, and Gemini signs. More organized signs such as Capricorn and Cancer, can have a hard time with Aries spontaneous energy.
Tauruses are known for their practicality and romanticism. Tauruses are also known for indulging in comfort through finer foods, soft fabrics, and enhancing aromas. Because of Tauruses enjoyment with finer ways of living and are known for being romantic, they can be seen as the storybook partner. On the other hand, Tauruses can strongly withhold emotion and be very stubborn. Pragmatic minded Virgos and hardworking Capricorns admire the Taurus for recognizing the finer aspects in life.Both Scorpios and Tauruses are typically introverted and can make an interesting pair. Tauruses can struggle with Leo and Aquarius signs because they are both just as stubborn as the Taurus.
Geminis are known to be the social butterfly of the star signs and are exhilarating to be around. A Gemini enjoys constant stimulation and frequent adventure. On bad days Geminis can be flighty and unreliable. Air signs are naturally talented with words and similarly minded air signs such as Libra and Aquarius tend to appreciate a Gemini’s wit and animated intellectualism. Unlike other signs, for Geminis- opposites really attract. Sagittarius and Gemini paired together is one of the most dynamic pairs to exist. The inverted signs are both wanderers and when paired are fun loving and wildly creative.
Cancers are extremely sensitive creatures, these water signs need to establish trust and loyalty before revealing their vulnerabilities. Cancers also struggle with confrontation and like their symbol, the crab, will retreat to their shell’s when confronted by a difficult situation. Fellow water signs pair well with Cancers due to their intuition and psychic abilities. a less emotional sign, such as hardworking Capricorns, tend to appreciate Concern sensitivity. A Capricorn and Cancer match is an ideal for cohabitation, as these opposite signs both enjoy nesting and building safe spaces. Outspoken Aries and diplomatic Libra aren’t fond of Cancer’s passive-aggressive tendencies, and Cancer matches with these signs can prove challenging.
Like their symbol the lion, Leos will not let you forget that they are kings and queens of the jungle. The charismatic fire signs are known for their theatrical, creative, and passionate personalities. Ruled by the sun, Leos shine most brightly when matched with fellow fire signs Aries or Sagittarius. Like-minded fire signs embrace Leo’s magnetic charisma and are comforted by their lion lover’s loyalty and warmth. The polar opposite of Leo, Aquarius, can also make a good pair.
Virgos are known for their extreme intellectualism and are always processing information. Virgos prefer to express themselves through rational communication. Virgos love to make lists and the pragmatic signs feel more stable when paired with fellow earth signs, Taurus and Capricorn. Earth signs appreciate Virgo’s attention to detail. Opposite to Virgo, Pisces also makes a terrific match for Virgo. Both Virgo and Pisces love to be helpful and the opposites balance each other out terrifically. On a worse day virgos can be overly perfectionistic and nit-picky making the signs have a hard time being in a relationship with Gemini and Sagittarius.
Libras are known for their appreciation of beauty and art. The charming air signs enjoy others that enjoy fine arts and can be found enjoying different arts themselves during free time. Gemini and Aquarius deeply admire Libra’s appreciation for art and culture and enjoy cultivating their own tastes within the partnership. On a different day Libras can become overly consumed with their public image and their people pleasing tendencies can irritate Capricorn, and Cancers.
Scorpio is one of the fiercest signs in the zodiac. These powerful water signs use their incredible intuition to manifest their goals and approach their passions with relentless dedication. It’s no surprise that Scorpios also make extremely dedicated lovers. While some signs can be put off by Scorpio’s intensity, others such as Cancer and Pisces, embrace it. Water signs are known for emotional intelligence and when paired with Scorpio make a fantastic duo. When paired with Taurus, Scorpio is energized and an erotic pair is formed. On bad days Scorpios can delve into a darkness and come off as sneaky and manipulative.
Sagittarius, symbolized by the archer, is always ready for an adventure. The fire signs are natural philosopher and explorers, often recognized for their infectious laugh. Like-minded Aries and Leo perfectly complement the Sagittarius wildfire: When these blazing signs link up, the couple benefits from a passionate, creative, and thrilling partnership. The opposite sign, Gemini, also creates a fantastic pair and helps to balance the relationship while highlighting the highpoints. In harder times Sagittarius’s can be unreliable making Virgos and Pisces a less stable pair.
Ambitious Capricorns work hard to build safety and security in their lives. Caps work to build strong foundations for all of their relationships. Other earth signs with similar interests such as Virgo and Taurus thrive most with Capricorn’s focused dedication and stability that the other earth signs crave. Capricorns enjoy Taurus’s sensuality and Virgo’s organization skills. Capricorns also link well with its opposite, Cancer. While goats seek solace in their caves crabs go into their shells. Aries and Libra tend to be irritated by Capricorn’s stoicism.
Aquarius’s are known for their humanitarianism. The air sign appreciates high level thinking and are motivated by doing work to improve the lives of all people. Like-minded air signs, Gemini and Libra appreciate Aquarian energy. Aquarius’s big plans energize the other air signs and allow them to thrive. The Leo and Aquarius pair creates a surprising duo that has a phenomenal socially intelligent couple. At times, Aquarian idealism can become righteous. Taurus and Scorpio may feel attacked by Aquarius’ strict morality
Pisces are known for their sweet dispositions and enchanting creativity. Pisces have sharp instincts and are good at picking up on the energies around them. Other sea creatures, such as Cancers and Scorpios, are great matches for Pisces. A Pisces paired with its opposite, Virgo can also form a strong pair. Virgo and Pisces are both generous and benefit from each others kindness and support. On more difficult days Pisces can be easily wounded and Gemini and Sagittarius can become frustrated with Pisces delicate ego.
As you can see there are many different relationships that can be formed from the different star signs.
Story by Stella Coffey
We have just entered a new decade and there is a lot to look forward to. In this article I will be going over 10 awesome things to look forward to in 2020.
In 2020 we will be seeing the Summer Olympics in Tokyo which also brings five new sports including Baseball, Softball, Skateboarding, Sports Climbing and even surfing as well as many other events in already established categories.
2. The Mars 2020 mission
Just in case 2020 sucks, at least you can possibly launch yourself into space on the new rover headed for Mars this July or early August. NASA is launching another rover on Mars so that the Curiosity rover can have a friend and so NASA can gather more research with this tricked-out new rover with 23 cameras and 2 microphones that will be able to see and hear the rover landing as well as maybe the Red Planet.
3. The Election
It is the moment we have been waiting for since 2016, The Election. Some people love the Elections but some hate it, but just remember this will mark an important time in American History that we all will remember, or not. Other than the main Election, 11 states will be holding Gubernatorial Elections this year, so there's a chance our country could change significantly in a very short period of time.
4. A Bunch of New Books
Of course, with the new year comes many new books including A Ballad Of Songbirds And Snakes is sure to be a busy release. It is a prequel to the Hunger Games by Suzanne Collins. Other new releases from beloved authors will include Writer and Lovers from Lily King, whose novel Euphoria spawned a TV adaptation, and It's Not All Downhill From Here from Terry Mcmillan of How Stella Got Her Groove Back.
5. The Electric Truck
The world of Brawny-Whisper quiet trucks is about to explode. We have already met what is known as the Tesla Cyber Truck, the truck is an all-electric commercial vehicle manufactured by Tesla. Three models have been announced already with range estimates of 250-500 and an estimated 0-60mph time of 2.9-6.5 seconds depending on the model you buy.
Story by Beck Henderson