Jeans started as a functional need for workers, now they are a symbol of fashion. With jeans the style is always evolving with new fabrics, styles, washes, cuts, and fits. You may not know jeans have been around for quite some time, 146 years to be exact. Levi jeans have been a classic denim brand for a while but you may not know the company name came from the inventor of jeans, Levi Strauss. Strauss took the material from work overalls which were already a big part of people and their work wear. He took the denim material and made it to be a more comfortable, casual, everyday wear item.
Strauss was born on February 26 1819 in Buttenheim, Bavaria. Levis father died when he was only two years old which led to him and his family immigrating to New York. When Strauss and his family arrived in the city his two older brothers open a wholesale dry goods business called “J. Strauss Brother and co.” Strauss soon learned the family business himself. Eventually the news of the California gold rush made it way to the east. So Strauss packed his bags and moved to San Francisco in 1853. Though not for the gold business but to open a wholesale store of his own. Strauss opened the store in the west coast to representative his family firm but he eventually shortened the company name to “Levi Strauss and Co.”
Around the year 1852 Strauss received a letter from one of his store customers with the idea to make denim jeans, but to use rivets at point of strains to make the pants extra strong. Strauss loved the idea so he wrote back and asked Jacob Davis to come work with him. They received a patent and on May 20th 1873 blue jeans were born. They were a hit. Levi lived out the rest of his life with good money that he would donate then to many different organizations and companies. Levi Strauss died September 26th in 1902. So next time you put on a pair of jeans look and notice the little metal pieces on the sides by the pockets and think to yourself that's what really put together the invention of jeans.
Story by Maya Fuchs
Through-out the globe people of different races, genders, beliefs all practice different things in different ways. Some ways are opposite or very different from American culture. Everywhere you go, ideas and values are different from what you’ve grown up with and experienced. For example, weddings around the world are one of the most diverse practices there is. In America, brides throw their bouquet at their female guests. According to brides.com, In Germany, guest throw porcelain dishes on the ground. The groom and bride have to clean it up to ward off evil spirits. It doesn’t stop there. Everyday practices are always performed differently throughout the world.
In the U.S. we do things differently than a lot of other cultures. For instance, tipping in the U.S. is a form of gratitude and the reverse is a sign of anger or bad service. For good service, Americans are expected to pay 15-20% of the bill. According to, time.com, tipping in the U.S. came from a post-civil war idea keep slavery. In other cultures tipping causes contradiction. For example, in China tipping is considered bragging to the waiter or waitress and they take it to an offense. Also, it encourages people to treat tourists with more respect than locals because they know that they might receive a better tip than a local who knows that it’s rude to tip. That’s just one way that America does things differently than other places around the globe.
Another example of what we do differently is we also pay people a lot differently in the U.S. For example, a starting teacher's salary is 35,000 in North Carolina. In places like Japan, the demand to be a doctor is just as much more as trying to become a doctor. In the states it is considered rude or obnoxious to eat loudly in public but, theculturetrip.com states that in a lot of other cultures, that eating loudly or slurping your food is a sign of true enjoyment of your meal. The average American points with the index finger; that is what everyone is accustomed to. In other South Asian countries like Malaysia, pointing with your thumb in the default gesture. That’s not all. From the beginning of human existence, people have always practiced things in different ways. We should celebrate and embrace our differences around the globe.
Story by Liv Suydam
Renowned A-list actor Robert Downey Jr. was born April 4, 1965, to actor Robert Downey Sr. and actress Elsie Ford. Downey Jr. was introduced to the world of acting at an early age, getting his first acting part by age five. He dropped out of Santa Monica High School to pursue a career in acting. Robert Downey Jr. made some of his first acting appearances in movies such as Baby, It’s You (1983), Firstborn (1984), Weird Science (1985), and Back to School (1986), biography.com reports. From 1985 to 1986, Downey was part of the regular cast on Saturday Night Live, NBC’s comedy skit program Britannica wrote. Robert Downey Jr.’s first leading part was in The Pick-up Artist (1987) and scored as a cocaine addict in Less Than Zero (1987).
Sadly, Less Than Zero seemed to be the “story of his life.” Robert Downey Jr. was introduced to drugs by his father at a very young age and grew into a full-blown addiction heading into his late teens. Downey later said, “Until that movie, I took my drugs after work and on the weekends. Maybe I'd turn up hungover on the set, but no more so than the stuntman. That changed on Less Than Zero. I was playing this junkie...guy, and, for me, the role was like the ghost of Christmas future. The character was an exaggeration of myself. Then things changed, and, in some ways, I became an exaggeration of the character. That lasted far longer than it needed to last."
A short time in drug rehabilitation followed, but his struggles with abusive substances would continue for some time. Biography.com states, “By the early 1990s, Downey had established a reputation as a critically acclaimed A-list actor.” Robert Downey Jr. played a suspicious soap opera producer in Soapdish (1991), co-starring Whoopi Goldberg, Sally Field, and Kevin Kline. In 1992, Downey Jr. played Charlie Chaplin in Richard Attenborough’s Chaplin and won an Academy Award nomination and a British Academy Film Award (BAFTA). Downey married actress Deborah Falconer in 1992 and had a son, Indio, two years later. Despite Downey’s ongoing success with hit movies such as Natural Born Killers (1994) and Restoration (1995), he frequently had run-ins with the law as his substance-abuse problems continued to worsen. In 1996, Robert Downey Jr. was stopped on Sunset Boulevard in possession of cocaine, heroin, and a .357 Magnum. A few months later, he was found passed out in a neighbor’s yard. “He reached a low point in 1999 when he was sentenced to three years in prison for having violated parole from an earlier arrest,” says britannica.com.
Downey was granted an early release in 2000 and was cast into Ally McBeal, a television show, and won a Golden Globe for his work. Downey seemed to turn his life around in 2003, but Deborah Falconer divorced him a year later. Mel Gibson played a huge role in Downey’s turnaround, helping him get cast into the Singing Dectective (2003). His previous run-ins with the law had left him unable to find a steady routine. Also in 2003, Robert Downey Jr. co-starred in the thriller Gothika with Halle Berry. He also appeared in several other popular movies including Good Night, and Good Luck (2005), the 2006 film A Scanner Darkly, and Zodiac (2007). Downey took a huge risk in starring in the action-comedy film Tropic Thunder (2008) along with Ben Stiller and Jack Black, but it paid off. He played a self-important actor pretending to be an African-American actor to land a role in the Vietnam War. He won several accolades, including an Oscar nomination and an Academy Award nomination.
Downey played Sherlock Holmes in Sherlock Holmes (2009) and again in Sherlock Holmes: Game of Shadows (2011). But what Robert Downey Jr. is probably most known for is his portrayal as Tony Stark/Iron Man in the Marvel Cinematic Universe. “Downey’s characterization of Tony Stark in Iron Man (2008), Iron Man 2 (2010) and Iron Man 3 (2013), has made him into a huge blockbuster phenomenon. His quirky and nonchalant personality in real life reflects in ‘Tony Stark’ which has made it so successful,” thefamouspeople.com says. Since then, Downey has played in several Marvel movies, including The Avengers (2012), the 2015 film Avengers: Age of Ultron, in Captain America: Civil War (2016), Spiderman: Homecoming (2017), Avengers: Infinity War (2018), which grossed around 2 billion worldwide. Finally, Avengers: Endgame (2019), in which Tony Stark/Iron Man said the well-known catchphrase “I love you 3,000” to his daughter, Morgan. Also in the same movie, Stark died after saving the world, a fitting end to any superhero.
Story by Caroline Barton
Let me ask you a question, why is the most-watched sporting event only every 4 years? When I say most watched it is no exaggeration. According to FIFA, more than half the world check in every 4 years. It seems silly with the event having so much popularity and fame, but there may be more reasons then you think. The event I am talking about is none other than Soccer’s (Or Football’s) World Cup. The World Cup is an event where teams from all over the world compete for the title of World Cup Champion. The most recent men's world cup was hosted in Russia and the women in France.
One of the main reasons is the vast amount of qualifying matches the World Cup requires. In 2018 only 32 spots were up for grabs, really only 31 because the hosting country gets an automatic pass. The number of games required to dim down 204 nations into 31 spots is a lot of games. Another reason is that if the players are playing a full season and constantly traveling for their games there are little breaks, which is why the summer is crucial for resting and recovery. Another reason is when the world cup started in 1930 it would have been very hard to move full teams and their fans across the world. This point is evident because in the original world cup only 13 teams competed. Two from North America, seven from South America, and four from Europe, so FIFA most likely decided it would be smarted to do it every 4 years instead of every year. Another reason could be that it's the perfect amount of time to allow fans to get hyped up and excited about the next world cup. This might be one of the reasons it is so popular, maybe if it was every year it would eventually get repetitive and therefore uninteresting which would no longer bring fans in. With it being every 4 years it also allows players to burst into the scene and possibly into fame. A good example of this would be Paul Pogba who played on France in the 2018 Russian world cup which thrusted him into international fame. Another reason is the country's infrastructure. A country must be able to fit 3.03 million-plus people. This is why a country's infrastructure matters so much, just to show how important this is Russia spent over 12 billion dollars in infrastructure. All of the reasons are why the world cup is every 4 years.
But is 4 years too long to wait between world cups? A lot of people think this and therefore FIFA is making a new plan. The FIFA president Gianni Infantino has proposed a new plan for a mini-World Cup every 2 years. The tournament would have 8 teams competent and would be named the “Final 8” It would also be the leading teams from an also newly proposed National League competition. The tournament will take place every odd year starting 2021, and take place around the October-November time period. The competition has not been set in stone yet. But according to Infantino, there is a group of reliable investors willing to put 25 million dollars into the tournament having the revenue distributed equally. The FIFA world cup is most likely the most prestigious and famous sporting event around the world. And I'm sure that most people would like to see more of the beautiful game played.
Story by Aidan McCloud
D23 went out with a bang with an endless amount of news with Disney's new streaming service coming November, 12 “DisneyPlus”. The service will feature Star Wars, Marvel, National Geographic, Pixar, and Disney’s main content. New shows and movies will come out after it’s release like Phineas and Ferb The Movie: Candace Against the Universe. It will open with the Mandalorian, “The first live-action Star Wars series, only exclusive on DisneyPlus.” - Official DisneyPlus website. The show is described to be a western sci-fi that is about a Mandalorian bounty hunter beyond the reaches of the New Republic.
Many never before series that will be exclusive to DisneyPlus were announced at SDCC and at the D23 event. Marvel already has ten shows announced only for the streaming service. The soonest will be Falcon and the Winter Soldier which will come to the service in early 2020. Star Wars will have another series that was recently announced at D23, is named Kenobi. Not a lot is known about it at the time other than that Ewan McGregor will return as Obi-Wan Kenobi. There will also be many Disney originals. Joining the list will be The World According to Jeff Goldblum, Encore, High School Musical: The Musical The Series, One Day, Noelle, Lady and the Tramp, and Secret Society- Born Royals.
It’s not only new series, classics will be remastered in HD, and so will the original 90s Marvel cartoons as well. Fans of old and new are very excited about the news of the streaming service. Disney is trying it's best to get people to join and play all of its cards. The official price for DisneyPlus will be seven dollars a month or seventy dollars a year in the US. It's half of what HBO and Netflix's $16 dollars a month payment, and is a large inflation between Disney’s deal. The real question is, with the lineup of DisneyPlus how will this affect other streaming services?
Story by Taylor Franklin
What is veganism? Well, the dictionary definition states it is “a person who does not eat or use animal products.” So, for example, vegans don’t eat meat, dairy or eggs. There is some debate on whether products like honey is vegan but, overall anything made from animals is not vegan. So what about eggs because animals aren’t killed for those? Well, many egg facilities kill the male chicks upon hatching. Also, hens are bred to lay eggs faster which can lead to many health problems even if they are free-range farms.
What is the history of veganism/vegetarianism? The term ̈vegan” was coined in 1944. But vegetarianism is first mentioned Pythagoras in around 500 BCE. Later in 1732 the Ephrata Cloister a religious group advocated for vegetarianism. In 1847 the first vegetarian society was founded. Then in 1944, Donald Watson announced that since vegetarians eat dairy and eggs he was going to create the term ̈vegan ̈ for people who don't consume any animal products. Which later he specified is pronounced vee-gan, not vee-Jan.
What are the types of vegans? There are dietary vegans, whole-food vegans, junk food vegans, raw food vegans and, low fat- raw food vegans. Dietary vegans are people who avoid animal products in their food but still use them in products like clothing or cosmetics. Whole food vegans theses people focus their diet on fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and seeds. Junk food vegans are people who rely heavily on processed foods such as frozen dinners and fake meat. Raw food vegans are a group of people who only eat raw foods or foods cooked below 118 degrees Fahrenheit. Low-fat raw food vegans limit high-fat foods and rely mostly on fruits.
Story by Maddy Peeples
This past Saturday, The Oakland raiders have released star receiver Antonio Brown. He has now been signed to the New England Patriots for the 2019 NFL season. The move came after Antonio Brown posted on his instagram account saying:”release me”. He tagged the Raiders in the post recommending to release him of the team.Shortly after the post His agent Drew Rosenhaus, said “his client is looking forward to a new beginning, then he was released off the team.
The raiders granted Brown his wish to be released. Assuming Brown passes a physical, he will play alongside Josh Gordon, a talented wide receiver who has been suspended for violating the league's drug policy. In the modern NFL, with its salary cap, mostly non-guaranteed contracts and immense pressure to win, team can easily cut players who have been disruptive.Opening the door for any team to pick up those players.Antonio Brown, who sat out for most of the training camp, when he was present, reportedly confronted the team's general manager over fines the team imposed for his absence.The Patriots was not the first or only team to roll the dice on this questionable player.
Today the former raiders wide receiver had been scheduled to earn up to $15 million from the New England Patriots.The NFL is seriously considering placing Brown on paid leave via after being accused of rape and sexual assault in federal lawsuit.The wide receiver would be ineligible to play for the New England Patriots If he was put on the exempt list by the league. It is possible and is something the league is going to have to pay attention too.Antonio brown might not play this season if that happens and that is all the info we have about Brown right now.
Story by Trayson Akbar
Here’s how Bill Belichick addressed the Antonio Brown allegations today - The Boston Globe
Not all people are the same and we all know this, some people including us two identify with a certain group of people called the L.G.B.T. community. There has been plenty of arguing about this for decades, It's a very sad factor due to the fact that many people don't agree with people who identify as this due to certain religions and political conflicts or believes. In this article we will cover some of the issues going on today and to all the people out there who do identify with this whether you're in the closet or out and about! We hope you read this article. and non L.G.B.T. folks as well it's still news and good info to know!
Some upsetting news to the Trans community is that president Trump last January made a law banning Transgender people from the military, Of course they didn't call it a “ban“ instead saying that people who wish to serve must identify and act as there biological gender while under military services and that the Transgender recruits must have to ‘pretend‘ to be their biological sex.“ The American Medical Association rebuffed the Pentagon’s claim that gender transitions were a “deficiency.” ” Which is something that has been argued about because of the number of people who could've helped served our country but instead must either have to act like someone there not or not be able to serve .
Ok on to another topic. On 9/15/19 the amazing show “Queer Eye” won an award and thats amazing. The Dart Mouth says, “since the show is centered around self-acceptance, there is no shortage of emotional moments in “Queer Eye.” The most poignant moments are those of true transformation — the moments in which clients like Deborah, Jess and Rob face such metamorphosis that they are moved to tears”.
This award was really an inspiration to everyone. And not just that it's the whole show that's inspirational. Like each person's story from the fab 5 is really inspirational. They all have had to work hard and push to achieve their goals. And that's inspiring to a lot of people.
That's all for today! Thank you for reading, I hope this article was interesting for you guys and have a good day bye!! We would like to thank you for reading to this far in the article and we hope you have better knowledge of whats going on in the LGBT world!
Thank you to these pages for giving us the ability to publish this!! Check them out if you wish to see some news on LGBT events and history with just one click!!
Story by George Johnson & Evan Bela
Many smokers have ditched the cigarette for the vape. You may think vaping is better for you, but read more and you will be surprised. The vape, it seems innocent enough, right? Well, you're wrong some say that vaping is just as bad as cigarettes if not worse.
MD Anderson cancer research center states that some celebrate these smokeless nicotine tools as safe alternatives to cigarettes and tobacco. E-cigarettes may not cause the same cancer-causing effects as smoking but they bring with them other fatal toxins.
While vaping is better for your health it can still be bad for it says, Michael Joseph Blaha from Johns Hopkins Cicerone Center for the prevention of Heart disease. Even though they are better for you they are just as addictive as traditional cigarettes. Effects can include Mouth and throat irritation, coughing and wheezing, worsening asthma, chest pain, upset stomach, nausea or if used for a long time - death.
But the pros of vaping against smoking may surprise you. Firstly they do not contain tobacco or as many as the other toxins that are the leading cause of cancer and lung disease. Secondly, they appear to be less risky for smokers who have mild to moderate asthma. And last but not least they may emit less toxic material in their aerosol.
However, information is still coming out on the risks of vaping, with findings being quite scary, so it might be best to just avoid vapes.
Written by Beck Henderson
Eating tide pods, super gluing lips, and so much more, how did the age of teens come to this?
According to Junkee, teens all around the world have been following crazy trends, even ones that could kill you, all because of TikTok. “CAN’T BELIEVE I HAVE TO SAY THIS, BUT: PLEASE DO NOT HURT YOURSELVES WITH THIS BIRD BOX CHALLENGE. WE DON’T KNOW HOW THIS STARTED, AND WE APPRECIATE THE LOVE, BUT BOY AND GIRL HAVE JUST ONE WISH FOR 2019 AND IT IS THAT YOU NOT END UP IN THE HOSPITAL DUE TO MEMES.” -Netflix US claimed.There are many other trends on tiktok including, e-girls/boys, soft girls/boys, VSCO girls/boys. These stereotypes include the infamous “Eye roll” which is super popular.
Lots of people have TikTok downloaded, and have become addicted over the year and a half it has been released.
Q: What is the most popular trend?
A: There are lots, but at the moment I would say the “Spooky Season” which includes snuggling down and watching a good scary movie such as Nightmare Before Christmas, Monster House, or Corpse Bride, and documenting it.
Q: What is the most dangerous trend?
A: The two most dangerous ones so far have been getting out of a moving car and dancing to Kiki Do You Love Me. And the tide pod challenge, which is where kids pop tide pods in their mouths and try not to swallow it which ends up happening a lot. Some other popular trends are TikTok dances. TikTok dances are people just making up dances for the fun of it and filming them doing it. Some of the old dances are, the Hey Julie dance, the Git Up, and many more.
Another trend is cosplaying, every 1 in 5 videos is a cosplay. If you don't know what cosplay is, its basically people making very elaborate costumes and dressing up as different characters from shows like anime or just your favorite kids show.
In conclusion, TikTok is a way to express your weirdness through second long videos. If you do download it, just be careful not to get sucked into the void of the “For you” page or find yourself not doing homework or staying up till one. In real life if anyone asks you to catch the Woah, you'll know what to do!
DO NOT TRY ANY OF THESE TRENDS!!!!!!!!!! You could get seriously injured and possibly hospitalized.
Story by Ciella Steury