The Kawah Ijen volcano in Indonesia isn't special because of its lake, or sulfur chambers, it's special because of its blue lava. The lava in the Kawak Ijen volcano is blue, but is it really?
The lava in the volcano only looks blue when it mixes with the sulfur. All lava emits flames, in this case, it's the flames that perform the magic. When the flames hit the sulfur in the air they appear blue, but only in the absence of light. Surrounding the volcano there is a large caldera lake. A caldera lake is a lake that surrounds a volcano in the spot where the lava once was. This caldera lake is the worlds largest and stands at 1 km wide. More on the topic of the caldera lake, it is also very high in acidity. If you put a soda can in the lake it will begin to bubble and deteriorate.
How does the sulfur get into the air? The sulfur enters the air through the many holes drilled in the mountains by sulfur miners. The miners solidify the sulfur and sell it. They walk 3 miles every day to get this sulfur to markets. They each carry 16 pounds worth of sulfur every day on this journey. When the sulfur mixes with the oxygen at 350 degrees Celsius it makes the flames appear electric blue. In daylight, however, the flames and lava appear normal.
To conclude, the Kawah Ijen volcano is very special. Not because of the worlds largest caldera lake, or the sulfur tunnels. It's special because of its blue flames. Not blue lava.
By, Anabel Kehoe
Picture credit, Olivier Grunewald
The definition of a food trend is, “Food trends are widespread changes in food preferences”. Food trends have always existed, like in the 80s pesto was very popular and in the 2000s wild cupcake flavors like Apple-Spice cupcakes with Walnuts and Blue Cheese were also popular. In 2018 we have seen a lot of new healthy foods and some old traditional foods everywhere but while there may be a new surge in health foods some old classics like the milkshake are coming back with new outrageous flavors and looks. The food trends I will be talking about in this article are, poke, plant-centered meals, food bowls, purple food and anything outrageous or over the top. Poke (pronounced po-kay) is basically sushi in a bowl but it is now also being served in a burrito or on pizza. It originated in Hawaii and is a raw fish salad with tropical flavors. We even have our own poke restaurant in Arden!
As I said before there is a huge surge toward health foods, so plant-centered meals have become more common. For instance, Veggie Grill serves a variety of salads and wraps in multiple locations across the U.S. there is a number of reasons why this has become so popular, for one people enjoy cleaner, fresher food more, it is healthier than meat-centered meals and it is anti-inflammatory food. This is why many people are vegetarians or pescatarian. Food bowls are another health food trend that has popped up recently. Smoothie bowls are a very popular lunch and breakfast food because they are delicious and pretty to look at. Pineapple, mango, coconut milk, turmeric, and ginger are some ingredients used in smoothie bowls. But smoothie bowls are not the only bowl related trend, the Barge House in London serves a breakfast bowl in a loaf of bread.
Purple food is another food trend because it is healthy and very pretty to the eye. Red cabbage, grapes blackberries, and acai berries are all purple. The health benefit is that they are all rich in healing antioxidants. One last food trend is anything outrageous or over the top has become very instagramable and popular. For instance, you can get a pizza topped with 24 tacos at Tony Boloney’s in Hoboken NJ. A place in LA serves a pho burrito and a cafe in Milan serves a sandwich but the buns are made of avocado. And last but not least you can get cinnamon roll pancakes at Crushed in San-Diego.
Story by Maddy Peeples
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LaCroix is a sparkling water brand distributed by National Beverage Company. LaCroix is french for “The Cross” but, the headquarters is in LaCrosse, Wisconsin - not in France. LaCroix was invented by G. Heileman Brewing Company in LaCrosse, Wisconsin in 1981. LaCroix was very popular in the midwest during the 1990s’ but its recent rise to popularity outside of the US was very recent. Recently, LaCroix has become “trendy” because of decreased soda sales, and people searching for a healthier alternative. LaCroix is the answer to many peoples problems with soda. “As Americans try to eat healthier, they try to drink healthier too,” Taste of Home said.
Another reason that LaCroix has become more popular is because of the recent trend in people sharing their diets, food, and beverages on different social media platforms. Many people like to share that they are healthy on social media and having a healthy beverage, almost as an accessory, is a good way to show people that you are healthy and that you are conscious of your eating and drinking habits. LaCroix even sponsored the popular music festival Coachella. Seeing celebrities with LaCroix can also influence you to check it out. LaCroix is a current trend that many young people are into.
In my opinion, the best flavor is Pamplemousse (Grapefruit) and the worst is Melón Pomelo (Cantaloupe Grapefruit). We also did an taste test of 10 flavors in the classroom and overall the favorite flavor was Lemon, while the least favorite was Melón Pomelo (Cantaloupe Grapefruit). Asheville Middle School student, Liv Suydam, said that she was drawn to LaCroix because of its “enthusiastic flavor and great packaging.”
Story by Will Euler
In Oklahoma, as prom season comes to an end, Isabella Aiukli finds herself in the teen vogue shining spotlight. Isabella didn't expect to be front and center of the U.S magazine that targeted teen girls called Vouge, but it did give her a wonderful opportunity to show her history and culture in her own unique and beautiful way. "I felt really good. It felt really good to represent my culture in my fashion," said Cornell. Bella explains that she chose the color red because it brings awareness to the Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women movement. It holds great importance. Though some girls choose glitz and glamour for their prom dress, Bella's dress holds great importance to her and the Choctaw tribe to whom she belongs to. Bella is also a Choctaw model and she has worked with lots of native Choctaw designers such as Jolonzo Goldtooth, Red Berrywoman, Lokata Sage. and the creator of Bella's dress, Della Bighair-Stump.
"I didn't"t expect it to get this big. I didn't expect it to be on Teen Vogue or make it to the independent," said Bighair-Stump. She has also done work with non-native designers. You can find the Choctaw teen featured in a mural on the side of a building near Northwest 37th Street and Western Avenue. But that's not Bellas only accomplishment, she has influenced many teens around the world and now they are taking her state of mind into consideration and are wearing dresses that have a significance to them and their culture. Not one but many girls are making their prom dresses from their culture, like this incredibly beautiful African- American dress. With her date sporting the same colors, these are a perfect pair.
Even though this is incredibly artistic not everyone has received this concept with open arms, it has caused some controversy. A senior high schooler in Utah is being called ¨closet racist¨ after she posted a picture of her and her friends on their big night, just because she wore a Chinese inspired dress. The girl's name is Keziah Daum she is 18 and her post that was captioned ¨prom¨ has gotten re-tweeted over 5,900 times and a lot of them were negative. As an example, one comment said ¨This isn’t ok. I wouldn’t wear traditional Korean, Japanese or any other traditional dress and I’m Asian. I wouldn’t wear traditional Irish or Swedish or Greek dress either. There’s a lot of history behind these clothes. Sad¨ and also "She is wearing a traditional dress that is reserved for special occasions and by her, a non-Chinese woman, thinking she is entitled to our culture, she is profiting (does not necessarily mean $$) from it. That is cultural appropriation. Cultural appropriation is racism." Even though the teen has gotten many comments like that, she has also gotten some beautiful tweets such as "Glad you wore the dress! You look fantastic!!! Being Asian I am not ostracized wearing green shamrock on March 17 or looked down upon waving the only flag I know- Old Glory- on July 4. #embraceDiversity (btw, love the shoes too 😊) — heli (@HeliSkiier) May 1, 2018
There where others too for example, "Hey! I'm Chinese and I live in China, I just want to say you look stunning in that dress, and pay no attention to those who say you shouldn't wear it because of some kind of "cultural appropriation", a lot of Chinese wear jeans and I didn't see anyone make a fuss about it!" — Willmore F (@Reaperxma) May 1, 2018
Story by Estrella Moreno-Maldonado
Is dance really a sport? This question has been debated numerous times. I am a dancer myself, and I believe that dance is a sport, but also an art because for the dancer for it is both extremely physically and mentally demanding. I think that dance is also an art because you are using your body to tell a story without words.
According to debate.org, 77% of voters think dance is a sport and 23% think it is not. people who think dance is not a sport have very weak reasoning such as: “there is no physical movement”. This is not true because if you have ever seen a dance performance you can see that the dancers are moving a lot. Also, part of being a dancer to make it look easy so if anything it makes it harder. Another reason that they use to explain why dance is not a sport, is because dance is a game of memory. This is not true because you do have to remember the steps, but also execute them well. One more reason they use is you don’t work together as a team; this is not true because you all have to make sure you are on the same counts so no one is late or early, and you all have to know the steps and rely on each other during lifts.
The reasons I also believe dance is an art is because you are telling a story with your body without words. Also when the audience is watching a performance they view it as art, not a sport. Another reason is that when you are dancing you are wearing costumes and makeup to seem more like your character. Many dancers believe that dance is just an art because it is so much more than a sport. I think that while in dance you are telling a story without words, you are also working your body to its limits. Even if you believe that dance is just an art, dancers are still athletes. They are athletes because it takes just as much physical skill to dance as it does to play a sport.
While dancers appear to make everything they are doing effortless, that is only the illusion they are creating and so it appears to be an art, but it is actually much more than that. If you still think dance is not a sport I hope you now realize that it is just and physically demanding as a sport. I still believe dance is a sport and a art. In conclusion, these are the reasons why dance is not only an art but also a sport.
Story by Maddy Peeples
Global warming is the cause of pollution and death of animals. Humans are the main cause. Global Warming is when factories produce too much pollution, and the temperature increases gradually in the cold places on earth, like Antarctica, The North pole, and The South pole. It will eventually affect the atmosphere, according to National Geographic.
What is global warming affecting the most?
The most common effect of global warming is loss of habitation, in the polar regions. Global Warming is mostly harming polar bears, and other types of animals that are not necessarily fit for swimming in the icy-cold waters of the polar regions. According to USNEWS, the most endangered animal caused by Global Warming are any types of frogs. Frogs are especially endangered because they have extremely thin skin, and they are cold-blooded, so when temperature changes due to global warming, that can leave a big impact, even causes some species to go completely extinct!
How can we stop global warming?
There are 12 good ways to slow down Global Warming, according to NRDC. The first one is, 1:Speak up! Speaking up will help global warming for multiple reasons, When you talk to your friends, family, exedra… you can inspire them to make a difference with you! Number 2 is, 2:Power your home with renewable energy. Having renewable energy in your home makes a really big difference, you can put Solar Panels in your house to replace lights, they power your house on bright sunny days, and at night you already turn the lights off, so Solar Panels are perfect! I will skip some steps so this article isn't too long! Step number 5 is the most important out of all the 12! 5:Reduce water waste. This one is the most important due to how much humans waste water. NRDC recommends switching to a brand called WaterSense. Its an eco friendly brand that helps reduce the waste of water! Because I did not list all the steps, go check them out!
I hope you're inspired to go help the environment now, good luck!
Story by Ciella Steury
Annie Leibovitz was born in 1949 in Waterbury, Connecticut and as a kid went to an Art Institute to study painting. Later, she moved to Japan with her mother the summer after sophomore year, and started to discover that she found an interest in photography. Then when she moved to San Francisco. That fall, she started talking night classes to keep up in photography. Then at around the time of 1970, Leibovitz approached Jann Wenner, founding editor of Rolling Stone, which he’d recently launched and was operating out of San Francisco. Impressed with her portfolio, Wenner gave Leibovitz her first assignment: shoot John Lennon. Leibovitz’s black-and-white portrait of the shaggy-looking Beatle graced the cover of the January 21, 1971 issue. Two years later she was named Rolling Stone chief photographer.
When the magazine began printing in color in 1974, Leibovitz followed suit. “In school, I wasn’t taught anything about lighting, and I was only taught black-and-white,” she told ARTnews in 1992. “So I had to learn color myself.” Among her subjects from that period are Bob Dylan, Bob Marley, and Patti Smith. Leibovitz also served as the official photographer for the Rolling Stones’ 1975 world tour. While on the road with the band, she produced her iconic black-and-white portraits of Keith Richards and Mick Jagger, shirtless and gritty.
In the year 2000 Annie Leibovitz was the first in a group of Americans to be named a Library of Congress Living Legend. And she eventually ended up going to the white house to take pictures of Barack Obama and his family.
"A thing that you see in my pictures is that I was not afraid to fall in love with these people."
"Nature is so powerful, so strong. Capturing its essence is not easy - your work becomes a dance with light and the weather. It takes you to a place within yourself. When I say I want to photograph someone, what it really means is that I'd like to know them."
Born: October 2, 1949, Waterbury, CT
Children: Sarah Cameron Leibovitz, Susan Leibovitz, Samuelle Leibovitz
Awards: Honorary Clio Award, Glamour Award for The Visionary
Education: Northwood High School, San Francisco Art Institute
Story by Stella Ballard
Photos by Annie Liebovitz from ArtNet and Pinterest