During the 21st century with so much on our minds, the world around us has taken a negative phycological toll on us. According to The American Journal Of Psychiatry, “Studies show that rates of depression for Americans have risen dramatically in the past 50 years.” Melancholy has been part of our lives in various ways, and here are some examples of the causes of melancholy in our current society.
Technology and social media
Social media has a huge impact on teens, with teenagers constantly comparing themselves to others and spending a lot of time on technology making them deprived. According to a study at the University of Pittsburgh, those who spend more time on social media had 2.2 times the risk of reporting eating and body concerns. Adding on to that, 50 to 75 percent of people who have eating disorders show symptoms of depression, according to the article of Stats and Facts About Depression in America.
Furthermore, in the UCLA brain mapping center a study of teens on social media of the ages 13-18, found that “receiving a high number of likes on photos showed increased activity in the reward center of the brain.” Basically saying that teens are influenced to like and get likes on social media. They feel good being liked and being part of something bigger, for example; liking posts that have a lot of likes shows that you’re also part of whatever it is. Which can also affect who you are, based on the content that is most followed and admired by other people can't always be the best thing. That can impact teens to show signs of depression. Just like the study done in the University of Pittsburgh school of medicine showed that the more time young adults spend on social media “the more likely they were to have problems sleeping and report symptoms of depression.”
With today's current events we have dived more into the darkness of sadness. In this year, shootings have been a big part of our lives. With the impact of the lives lost in places that were supposed to be safe. Kids and parents are worried about what's to come if they are not safe. Students are now being taught what to do in those situations. In the article Generation parkland by Dr. Megan and Dr.Rinad Beidas, one of their six-year-olds ran under the coffee table and curled up because in school they taught him to do “turtle time” if he heard “scary noises” and to stay quiet. Another instance is that teachers are getting worried over, protecting their kids. A quote from the Generation Parkland also stated that a teacher said: “ she worries about which kids are too slow or too loud, and whether these traits — normal in young children — would get them all killed.” There's is too much worry going around. Causing people to have anxiety and feel unprotected, also for some people who have gone through a shooting they could result to have PTSD. Which is also a part of melancholy.
In conclusion, melancholy can come into our lives in many ways. At the end of the day as a society, we learn from our actions and the actions around us. To become better and learn to fight these feelings.
Story by Doni Palma-Roberto
“Depression: Facts, Statistics, and You.” Healthline, Healthline Media, www.healthline.com/health/depression/facts-statistics-infographic#1.
Iliades, Chris. “Stats and Facts About Depression in America.” Stroke Center - EverydayHealth.com, Everyday Health, 23 Jan. 2013,
“The Impact of Mass School Shootings on the Mental Health of Survivors: What Parents Need to Know.” PsyCom.net - Mental Health Treatment Resource Since 1986, www.psycom.net/mental-health-wellbeing/school-shooting-survivor-mental-health/.
Janson, Åsa. Journal of Social History, U.S. National Library of Medicine, 2013, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3842593/.
“Look at the Root Causes of Gun Violence.” U.S. News & World Report, U.S. News & World Report, www.usnews.com/opinion/policy-dose/articles/2018-02-21/after-florida-school-shooting-look-to-the-root-causes-of-gun-violence.
“Mental Health and School Shootings.” Psychology Today, Sussex Publishers, www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/darwins-subterranean-world/201802/mental-health-and-school-shootings.
"Opinion | Generation Parkland: Mass Shootings Are Stealing American Childhoods.” NBCNews.com, NBCUniversal News Group, www.nbcnews.com/think/opinion/generation-parkland-how-mass-shootings-are-affecting-america-s-children-ncna859456.
“Social Media and Teens: How Does Social Media Affect Mental Health?” PsyCom.net - Mental Health Treatment Resource Since 1986, www.psycom.net/social-media-teen-mental-health.
According to History.com, the battle of Antietam (aka the battle of Sharpsburg) was the bloodiest single day battle In all of American military history. Fought near Antietam Creek in Sharpsburg, Maryland. The Confederate army of North Virginia, led by Robert E. Lee, met Union general George McClellan, of the Potomac army at Sharpsburg, Maryland and this is what happened...
The battle of Antietam had begun at dawn on September 17, 1862. Confederate General Longstreet and Hill from the right flank and General Jackson and Brigadier General John G. Walker. The first skirmish was at the 30-acre cornfield owned by David Miller. The union fired on the confederates flank then the carnage set in. The battle lasted 8 hours and there were 15,000 casualties, with thousands more wounded.
The battle of the Bloody Lane
Near the middle of the battlefield, this road was also known as "sunken road", where Hill's division of approximately 20,000 people were up against General French's 5,500 men. That sounds like an easy victory right... WRONG. French's men enclosed in on them from both sides. After the battle, McClellan got fired because he didn't follow the shattered Confederate army. The battle of Antietam was a victory for the North.
Story by Edgar Danko
In Turkmenistan lies the actual door to you-know-were. This 60 meter wide and 20 meter deep gas crater is a natural gas field collapsed into a cavern, and locals are calling it the door to hell. It has been said to have been burning since 1971.
The site was identified by Soviet scientists in 1971, it was thought to be a oil field by the scientists and others. So then the engineers set up a drilling rig and operations to access the quantity for the oil at the site. Soon after, the preliminary survey found a natural gas pocket the ground beneath the drilling rig and the camp collapsed into a larger crater and was buried. Since they thought the gas would hurt people, they burned it and it's been burning for roughly 50 years.
Now that the basics of the location is known, let me give you some reason and logic. It is actually roughly the size of a football field. Also the only reason it caved in was because weight circumstances. But then think about it. It had a very big machine and a campsite AND lots of smaller machines on top of it - wow that's a lot of weight!
Let me tell you a little bit about it's home. It is located in Derweze, also known as Darvaza. It is located in the Karakum Desert about 260 kilometers north of Ashgabat, the capital of Turkmenistan. The gas reserve found here is one of the largest in the world. The name door to hell was named by the locals referring to the fire and hot mud and orange flames burning inside of the pit.
Story by Beck Henderson
Hybrids...What are hybrids? Hybrids are animals that share the DNA of two different but still similar looking animals close to the same species. These animals called hybrids might acquire different physical traits than their parents, most will not look like one or the other but instead more like a cross between both species. for example there is a liger which is a cross between a lion and a tiger, polar bear and a grizzly bear will make a pizzly or a grolar bear and there are so many more mixtures of animal’s.
How? Hybrids are created when two territories belonging to two different species are combined or are exposed to one another. But the two species have to resemble each other in a way as their diet or there way of travel like on foot or flying, even swimming. Even though the parents can reproduce and continue their species, that is not the case for most hybrids. Because most are sterile, which means they can not produce any children or young. Only if there were enough of those same hybrids they could be classified into their own species.
Migration patterns. Some hybrids might also acquire different migration patterns. Some bird hybrids that migrate will split in the middle of their parents migration-routes and go in the middle. Others will go out from one and come back from the others which means that it will be harder for them to recognize their surroundings. Because birds make their migration by remembering landforms which will make it harder for them to get were they are going in time.
Predators. In the case of some animal hybrids, there might be a non-advantageous part, as the parents physical traits might not work well together, In this case it will be with fish and how they might have disadvantages. Anders Nilsson recently came to this finding. Nilsson is a biologist at Lund University in Sweden. In 2005, He and his team was studying two fish species named common bream and roach. Both fish live in a lake in Denmark. And migrate into streams during winter. Common bream; the bream appears diamond-shaped with a taller middle than its end. The roach is closer to a slim oval, and the hybrid is somewhere in between.
So in conclusion, hybrids are animals that share the DNA of two different animals which share physical traits of both parents. This trait might work as an advantage or a disadvantage in the field of getting away from predators, their mixed features might not work well together. Hybrids are created when the territories of two different animals are combined or exposed to one another but their hybrid children can not reproduce with other hybrids or other animals. They are just really amazing and extraordinary creatures.
Story by Estrella Moreno-Maldon
When someone mentions water pollution most automatically think about oil spills and trash islands, but what many people don’t know is that plastic straws can even more deadly. According to a study done by National Geographic Americans use over 500 million straws everyday, most of them ending up the ocean, and they don’t just harmlessly float around either. According to Ukonserve Blog millions of seabirds die from straws every year and 90% of them have eaten some type of plastic. In the North Pacific alone fish consume more than 12,000 to 24,000 tons of plastic alone. Sea turtles often mistake straws for food, making it the second most likely cause of death. Remember that cute little baby sea turtle from Moana, is the convenient, non-reusable straw more important then its life?
Even though these plastic straws seem so essential and irreplaceable in the modern world, there are shocking number of alternatives we can choose from. Metals and compostable straws are real and surprisingly cheap. An estimated price is around 5-6 dollars for a pack of four straws with a cleaner. This is a great deal considering how durable they are. A pack of compostable straws are a little more expensive, but they’ll also help the environment and maybe even your garden.
There are so many things we take for granted and don’t even think about the environmental effect they’ll have. Things like straws, grocery bags and even rappers can be detrimental to our environment and world. Even though we won’t fall the victim to these silent killers, doesn’t mean they should go unnoticed. We can’t continue to kill innocent animals and our environment for a convenient straw to sip an icy beverage through.
Story by Fiona Austin
Finland is the number one happiest country in the world, the US is number 18, and their education systems might have something to do with it.
Finland is a noticeably innovative country when it comes to its education system, and its innovation has shown results. Finland is consistently one of the highest performing countries on the PISA (Program for International Student Assessment,)one of the more important tools for measuring education systems around the world.
Here are some things that Finland does better than the United States when it comes to education.
The Finnish test is called National Matriculation Examination and it is taken at the end of high school. This test is graded by teachers, not computers and it isn’t cautious of more complex concepts.
2. College tuition is completely free
In Finland, bachelor, master, and doctoral degrees are completely free. Students feel free to pursue higher education goals without worrying about loads of student debt that many Americans face. And the same deal goes for foreign students. Tuition is 100% free for any student accepted into a college or graduate program in Finland.
This greatly contrasts with the US. In 2017, the average student loan debt was 37,000.
3. More time for play
Finnish students spend very little time on homework. In a 2014 study on 15-year-olds around the world by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) said that on average, Finnish students spend about 2.8 hours on homework a week. This is a very small amount of time compared to the 6.1 hours Americans spend on homework per week.
Fins put a lot of value on free time and play. By law, teachers must give 15 minutes of free time for every 45 minutes of work or lecture time, wherein the US, kids and teens typically get less than half an hour of free time a day.
4. Teaching is one of the more respected professions
Teachers in Finland aren’t underpaid like the ones in the US. Actually, they’re valued a lot. In Finland, the average teaching salary is about 70,000 per year. This is insanely high compared to the 35,000 that US teachers earn each year.
Teaching is such an important occupation because Finland puts a lot of dependence on their children as the foundation for the development of the future.
To become a teacher in Finland, the candidate must have at least a masters degree and complete the equivalent of a residency program in US medical schools. As a result, teachers strive to make the best learning environment possible
As you can see, maybe the US could learn a few things from Finland with our annual standardized tests, overly expensive college tuition, small amount of free time, and our under-appreciated, underpaid teachers.
Story by Ava Macie
Taylor, Adam. “26 Amazing Facts About Finland's Unorthodox Education System.” Business Insider, Business Insider, 14 Dec. 2011, www.businessinsider.com/finland-education-school-2011-12#in-an-international-standardized-measurement-in-2001-finnish-children-came-top-or-very-close-to-the-top-for-science-reading-and-mathematics-25.
Tung, Stephen. “How the Finnish School System Outshines U.S. Education.” Stanford University, 20 Jan. 2012, news.stanford.edu/news/2012/january/finnish-schools-reform-012012.html.
Weller, Chris. “8 Reasons Finland's Education System Puts the US Model to Shame.” Business Insider, Business Insider, 6 Dec. 2017, www.businessinsider.com/finland-education-beats-us-2017-5.
Everybody in America has seen a skyscraper; it’s an inevitable thing in this day and age. But have you ever seen one made entirely of wood? Japan plans on it.
We’ve all at least heard of pagodas in history books. These, so far, were the tallest wooden towers in Japan. But, slated to be finished in 2041, is a huge tower made by Sumitomo Forestry, in Tokyo. It is going to be made of 90% wooden materials, the other 10% being miscellaneous materials like steel and glass. If built, it would stand 1,148 feet tall. But why is this such a big deal?
There are many wooden skyscrapers- or “plyscrapers” if you prefer- around the world. The current record holder stands tall in Canada, piercing the sky at 164 feet tall. It’s called the Brock Commons Tallwood house, and it houses students in Vancouver. It is currently the world’s tallest mass timber structure, meaning it is composed primarily of wood. Before that was the Treet in Central Bergen, Norway. It is 160 feet tall. It took the record from the 104 foot tall Forte residential area in Melbourne, Australia. There is another proposed wooden tower: the Oakwood Tower, to be built in London. It would stand 1,000 feet tall, and only be shadowed in London by the famous Shard skyscraper.
I’m sure there’s a question nagging at your mind: won’t it burn down really easily? The answer may surprise you: no. As a rule, you need weak, thin wood for kindling. All of these towers have been built of thick, sturdy timber, which tends not to burn easily. On top of that, much of the wood is layered into a sturdier design, rather like weaving. It is then covered in strong, fire-resistant glue. In short, these things aren’t burning down. Let’s just hope they don’t fall, because that would be one big “timber”! I’m sure these towers will be a great contribution to the urban “jungle”.
Story by Jonas Suskey
CNN World News
The University of British Columbia
Near Antarctica, approximately 1.5 million Adelie penguins are estimated to thrive. Researchers are calling it a “supercolony”. They have been found in large numbers in the Danger Islands, off the coast of the Antarctic Peninsula. These Islands have never been a prioritized region to preserve, but now that scientists are aware of the high population of these inhabitants, they want to change that.
Scientists found out about these penguins due to the advanced technology of aerial drone photography. The penguins have a pinkish tint, and were easily recognized by the satellites as well. The Adelie population generally survives off of a diet of mainly krill, and are only a few feet tall. The population of these animals has been increasing steadily for years, and it hopefully will continue that way.
This discovery of these Adelie Penguins is extremely important. In many areas, penguins are losing habitats and dying off due to global warming. This new knowledge will help scientists continue to study these penguins and put in effort in order to maintain their health and numbers. Hopefully, more of these unique creatures will be discovered, and the future of these penguins will continue to thrive.
Story by Willow Schenk
Newsela | More than a Million Adelie Penguins Found Thriving in Antarctic Peninsula, newsela.com/read/mega-colony-penguins-antarctica/id/40983.
“Hidden Penguin Mega-Colonies Discovered in Antarctica.” National Geographic, National Geographic Society, 2 Mar. 2018, news.nationalgeographic.com/2018/03/adelie-penguins-colonies-discovered-antarctica-environment/.
Weintraub, Karen. “A Supercolony of Penguins Has Been Found Near Antarctica.” The New York Times, The New York Times, 5 Mar. 2018, www.nytimes.com/2018/03/05/science/adelie-penguins-supercolony-antarctica.html.
Have you heard of the Times Up movement? The Times Up movement is a movement against sexual harassment, founded January 1st 2018 by Hollywood celebrities. It was created in response to the Weinstein effect and #Metoo. The Weinstein effect is that in early October, dozens of women came forward and accused Harvey Weinstein of sexual abuse. USA Today said ¨Since then 150 celebrities have been accused of sexual misconduct.¨ After this made news headlines, people started to share their stories on social media, using the #Metoo.
Did you know 1 in 3 women ages 18-34 have been sexually harassed at work? Being harassed can range from inappropriate comments to someone touching you in an inappropriate manner. Even though 1 in 3 women are harassed at work, it mostly happens to people working low wage jobs. Research has shown that women in a mostly male dominated workplaces are harassed more than women in a female dominated workplaces. Hopefully with awareness this problem will get better.
If you want to help with the Time's up movement, here are some things that the movement's website recommends. For starters, don't be a part of the problem. Next if someone tells you they have been harassed believe them, and help them find resources for help. Just because you're not the one being harassed doesn't mean you can't address the harasser or you can find help. You can also donate to the TIME’S UP Legal Defense Fund to help those being affected.
Story by Maya Fuchs
Child Labor is a big problem all over the world. Child Labor is children under the employment of work. As a child in employment, it affects their childhood because it takes time away from their life; It makes it hard for them to attend school, and it can be dangerous and harmful due to the work such as mining.
According to ILO There are 218 million children within the ages of 5 and 17 years old in employment. Of them, 152 million are victims of child labor. Close to half of these children (72.1 million) are located in Africa, 62.1 million in the Asia and the Pacific, 10.7 million in the Americas, 1.2 million in the Arab States, as well as 5.5 million in Europe and Central Asia.
Countries all over the world are contributing to help, but some are promoting it. According to Newsela, the Indian government has suggested that they make some changes to the current law regarding child labor. For example they could work for a family business that does not harm them as long as it’s their own choice; this rule also includes allowing children under the age of 14 to work in certain situations. The new rules ban children from working in dangerous places but still, it allows them to work in basically any other industry. The only requirements for this is that they work for family and after school.
India’s new rule would punish bosses who break this rule; they could face 2 years in prison and an $800 fine. According to Newsela, children make very little money for a lot of work. In Surat, children making clothes can earn as little as $1.50 a day.
According to a child labor website, Child labor started in the United States in the late 1700s and early 1800s. When the Industrial Revolution started, many families had to find someone to work or they wouldn't survive. Children usually worked long hours for very little money. Children were useful due to their size; they could fit in small spaces or mines where adults couldn’t fit. Children were also easier manageable and control, but perhaps most importantly, children didn’t have to be paid as much as adults. Children were families only hope because these children had to work just to help them and their family survive, and barely.
According to History.com, although children have been servants throughout most of human history, child labor has reached new extremes even with the new rules enforced. Child laborers often worked to support their families, but by doing this they were forced to decline an education. According to Scholastic, in 1924 Congress proposed a constitutional amendment prohibiting child labor but the states did not agree to it. It wasn’t until the great depression that Americans wanted all available jobs to go to adults rather than children. The small amount of child labor in the U.S. is one of the more important and valuable things we have succeeded in. Even though the U.S. has succeeded to end child labor, other countries haven’t.
Lots of kids forced into labor want a bright future and because of this they can’t.
Story by Ariella Valdiviezo
Image sources https://www.thebetterindia.com/69863/ten-ways-can-stop-child-labour/