Child Labor is a big problem all over the world. Child Labor is children under the employment of work. As a child in employment, it affects their childhood because it takes time away from their life; It makes it hard for them to attend school, and it can be dangerous and harmful due to the work such as mining.
According to ILO There are 218 million children within the ages of 5 and 17 years old in employment. Of them, 152 million are victims of child labor. Close to half of these children (72.1 million) are located in Africa, 62.1 million in the Asia and the Pacific, 10.7 million in the Americas, 1.2 million in the Arab States, as well as 5.5 million in Europe and Central Asia.
Countries all over the world are contributing to help, but some are promoting it. According to Newsela, the Indian government has suggested that they make some changes to the current law regarding child labor. For example they could work for a family business that does not harm them as long as it’s their own choice; this rule also includes allowing children under the age of 14 to work in certain situations. The new rules ban children from working in dangerous places but still, it allows them to work in basically any other industry. The only requirements for this is that they work for family and after school.
India’s new rule would punish bosses who break this rule; they could face 2 years in prison and an $800 fine. According to Newsela, children make very little money for a lot of work. In Surat, children making clothes can earn as little as $1.50 a day.
According to a child labor website, Child labor started in the United States in the late 1700s and early 1800s. When the Industrial Revolution started, many families had to find someone to work or they wouldn't survive. Children usually worked long hours for very little money. Children were useful due to their size; they could fit in small spaces or mines where adults couldn’t fit. Children were also easier manageable and control, but perhaps most importantly, children didn’t have to be paid as much as adults. Children were families only hope because these children had to work just to help them and their family survive, and barely.
According to History.com, although children have been servants throughout most of human history, child labor has reached new extremes even with the new rules enforced. Child laborers often worked to support their families, but by doing this they were forced to decline an education. According to Scholastic, in 1924 Congress proposed a constitutional amendment prohibiting child labor but the states did not agree to it. It wasn’t until the great depression that Americans wanted all available jobs to go to adults rather than children. The small amount of child labor in the U.S. is one of the more important and valuable things we have succeeded in. Even though the U.S. has succeeded to end child labor, other countries haven’t.
Lots of kids forced into labor want a bright future and because of this they can’t.
Story by Ariella Valdiviezo
Image sources https://www.thebetterindia.com/69863/ten-ways-can-stop-child-labour/